The Christian Humanist Podcast, Episode #70: Epistemology

General Introduction
– Dr. Gilmour!!!
– We kid because we envy
– Listener feedback
– The delay in show notes
– What’s on the blog?

What Is Epistemology?
– It’s all indirectly Greek to me
– Mise en abyme
– Connection to metaphysics
– Epistemology junkies
– Invoking epistemology to affirm or deny metaphysics

Ancient Epistemology
– Forms and objects in Plato
– Another remove
– Innate knowledge
– Aristotelian observation
Telos and the individual object
– Thomist epistemology and Thomist metaphysics
– The necessity of divine illumination

Descartes’ Epistemological Turn
– Hidey hidey hidey ho
– Doubt everything
Je pense donc je suis!
– Augustinian influence
– Descartes’ unsatisfactory solution
– The Cartesian Reese’s cup
– The difficulty of refuting rationalists

The Rise of Empiricism
– Building ideas
– Nathan’s favorite skeptical atheist
– The elimination of causality
– Today’s inconsistent empiricists
– The cult of the scientist

Kant! Kant! Kant!
– The best(?) of both worlds
– Kant is hard
– Noumena and phenomena
A priori categories
– On hating Kant more than you love Jesus
– Kant’s relationship to Hume

Post-Kantian Epistemology
– Analytic and continental
– Logical positivism and its heirs
– Hegel’s ghosts and organs
– Thomas Kuhn and the historical scientific question
– The epistemological humility of the Emergent Church
– Pragmatism

What Difference Does It Make?
– The message we must spread
– Breaking apart from the age
– Correcting the mistakes of others
– Avoiding the whig view of history

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Aristotle. Metaphysics. Trans. Hugh Lawson-Tancred. New York: Penguin, 1999.

Augustine. Confessions. Trans. Henry Chadwick. New York: Oxford UP, 2009.

Ayer, A.J. Language, Truth, and Logic. New York: Dover, 1952.

Berkeley, George. Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. New York: Penguin, 1988.

Descartes, Rene. Discourse on Method and Meditations. Trans. Elizabeth S. Haldane and G.R.T. Ross. New York: Dover, 2003.

Hegel, G.W.F. Phenomenology of History. Trans. A.V. Miller. New York: Oxford UP, 2009.

Hume, David. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding: And Other Writings. New York: Cambridge UP, 2007.

Jones, Tony. The Church Is Flat: The Relational Ecclesiology of the Emerging Church Movement. Minneapolis: JoPa, 2011.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. Ed. Paul Guyver and Allen W. Wood. New York: Cambridge UP, 1999.

—. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics. Trans. James W. Ellington. New York: Hackett, 2002.

Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1996.

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr von. Discourse on Metaphysics and Other Essays. Trans. Daniel Garber and Roger Ariew. New York: Hackett, 1991.

Lewis. C.S. “On the Reading of Old Books.” God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1994.

Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. New York: Oxford UP, 1979.

Peirce, C.S. The Essential Peirce, Volume 1: Selected Philosophical Writings, 1867-1893. Ed. Christian J.W. Kloesel. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1992.

Plato. Protagoras and Meno. Trans. Adam Beresford. New York: Penguin, 2006.

—. Republic. Trans. Allan Bloom. New York: Basic, 1991.

Thomas Aquinas. Summa Theologica. Allen, TX: Christian Classics, 1981.

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