St. Paul is at once one of the most familiar literary voices and one of the most perplexing. An early convert to the Jesus movement within first-century Judaism, Paul’s letters have come to us as Holy Scriptures, canonical epistles whose teaching and whose proclamation have given shape to almost every variety of Christianity. For the scholarly community Paul has been at times a proto-Augustinian, the inspiration for Protestant reformers, a guide through the thickets of religion into true relationship with God, and an apocalyptic seer, calling for the faithful to ready themselves for a world to come. Here to help us sort through all of this is N.T. Wright, whose recent book The Paul Debate provides a compact and a rigorous engagement with some of the questions that continue to define Pauline studies.